Kōichi Sugiyama (すぎやま こういち, Sugiyama Kō'ichi?) (his birth name is 椙山 浩一, which is pronounced the same) (born April 11, 1931) is the lead composer of the Dragon Quest series, with other works done for Japanese TV shows, such as Space Runaway Ideon, Cyborg 009 and Gatchaman. Because of the incredible length of his career, Suigyama's accomplishments have been officially recognized by the Guinness World record association.
History on Dragon Quest
Sugiyama started composing with a smaller Japanese home computer called the "PC-8801", and was working for Enix (now known as Square Enix). In 1986 he composed for the hit RPG video game Dragon Quest for the Nintendo Entertainment System. That game became something like an orchestral introduction to younger people in Japan. Sugiyama is the very first video game composer to record his video game music with a live orchestra. In 1986, the CD "Dragon Quest I Symphonic Suite" was released, utilizing the London Philharmonic Orchestra to interpret Sugiyama's melodies.
In 1987, he composed for Dragon Quest II, and then held the very first video game music concert in the world. "Family Classic Concert" was arranged and conducted by Sugiyama himself. It was performed by the Tokyo String Music Combination Playing Group on August 20, 1987 at Suntory Hall, Tokyo, Japan. "Dragon Quest I Symphonic Suite" and "Dragon Quest II Symphonic Suite" were performed. The "Family Classic Concerts" have done exceptionally well with audiences every time; since then, Sugiyama has held over eighteen of them all across Japan.
Sugiyama continued to compose for video games from 1987 to 1990. In 1991 he introduced a series of video game music concerts, five in all, called the Orchestral Game Concerts, which were performed by the Tokyo City Philharmonic Orchestra and Tokyo Symphony Orchestra. The performances included over eighteen different video game composers such as Koji Kondo, Yoko Kanno, Kentarou Haneda, Nobuo Uematsu, Keiichi Suzuki, as well as Sugiyama himself. These concerts were held from 1991 to 1996; during this time, Sugiyama composed for other video games and arranged some of them to be performed in the Orchestral Game Concerts.
In September 1995, Sugiyama composed the Dragon Quest Ballet, which was choreographed by Minoru Suzuki. It premiered in 1996, and came back in 1997, 1999, 2001 and 2002. During those years, Koichi also released the Symphonic Suites for the Dragon Quest games he had worked on thus far. As this was the very first ballet inspired by a video game in the world, Sugiyama was awarded a place in the Guinness World Records book for his accomplishment.
In 2005, he was holding a series of concerts in Japan with the Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra for Dragon Quest VIII, as well as his classic compositions from the past. In August 2005, his music from Dragon Quest was performed live at the European Symphonic Game Music Concert. There, for the first time, his music was presented in a live symphonic concert outside Japan.
From 2006, he also worked on diverse projects, one of them being the music for Dragon Quest Swords: The Masked Queen and the Tower of Mirrors. On August 19, 2006 Sugiyama announced Dragon Quest IX's production in Japanese video game magazine Famitsu as saying "I'm not sure when Dragon Quest IX will be released, but it seems that progress is continually being made. I'm personally excited."
On January 26th, 2016, Sugiyama received his second award from Guinness World Records, celebrating his status as the world's oldest video game composer at age 85.
Dragon Quest Discography
- Dragon Quest (1986)
- Dragon Quest Suite
- Dragon Quest in Brass
- Dragon Quest on Electone
- Dragon Quest on Piano Vol. 1
- Dragon Quest CD Theater
- Dragon Quest I Remix Symphonic Suite (London Philharmonic Orchestra)
- Dragon Quest I & II Symphonic Suite (London Philharmonic Orchestra)
- Dragon Quest in Brass 2
- Dragon Quest I Symphonic Suite (Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra)* Dragon Quest II: Akuryo no Kamigami (1987)
- Dragon Quest III: Soshite Densetsu he (1988)
- Dragon Quest IV: Michibikareshi Monotachi (1990)
- Hanjyuku Hero: Aah Sekai yo Hanjuku Nare (1992)
- Divertimento ~ Hanjuku Hero (1993)
- Dragon Quest V: Tenku no Hanayome (1992)
- Torneko no Daibouken: Fushigi no Dungeon (1993)
- Itadaki Street 2: Neon Sign ha Bara Iro ni (1994)
- Dragon Quest VI: Maboroshi no Daichi (1995)
- Dragon Quest Monsters (1998)
- Torneko no Daibouken 2 (1999)
- Dragon Quest Monsters 1 & 2 (2000)
- Dragon Quest VII: Eden no Senshitachi (2000)
- Torneko: The Last Hope (2000)
- Dragon Quest Monsters 2 (2001)
- Slime MoriMori Dragon Quest: Shougeki no Shippo Dan (2003)
- Dragon Quest Monsters: Caravan Heart (2003)
- Itadaki Street Special (2004)
- Dragon Quest VIII: Sora to Umi to Daichi to Norowareshi Himegimi (2004) (also conductor)
- Dragon Quest Heroes: Rocket Slime (2005)
- Dragon Quest Monsters: Joker (2006)
- Dragon Quest Swords: The Masked Queen and the Tower of Mirrors (2006)
- Dragon Quest IX (2009)
Non-Dragon Quest Works
Sugiyama has a lengthy career of composition spanning several decades. Some of the highlights of his work include:
- Nippon no Kokoro (Heart of Japan), official party anthem
Film and Animation
- The Return of Ultraman 1971, television series
- Science Ninja Team Gatchaman: the movie 1978, animated film
- Cyborg 009 1979, anime
- Space Runaway Ideon 1980, anime
- The Sea Prince and the Fire Child 1981, animated film
- The Yearling 1983, animated film
- Godzilla vs Biollante 1989, voted by Japanese fans as the best Godzilla film in a 2014 poll.
- Magical Knight Rayearth 1 & 2 1994~1995, anime
Other Video Games
- World Golf 1985~1990, various
- Jesus 1987, Famicom
- Angelus: the Gospel of Evil 1987, NEC PC-8801
- 46 Okunen Monogatari: The Shinkaron, 1990, NEC PC-9801
- Jesus 2 1991, various
- Tetris 2 & Bombliss 1991, Famicom
- Master of Monsters 1991, Sega Genesis
- E.V.O. the search for Eden 1992, SNES
- Mystery Dungeon: Shiren the Wanderer 1995, Super Famicom
- Shiren the Wanderer 2 2000, Playstation
- Derby Stallion 64 2001, Nintendo 64
Compositional Style and Inspirations
Sugiyama has stated that Johann Sebastian Bach, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Joseph Haydn, and George Frideric Handel are his main sources of inspiration. His style varies between games and other media, but maintains a strong thematic quality reminiscent of Baroque and early-Classical work.